A Joint Resolution of Congress in 1971 designated August 26th of each year as Women’s Equality Day and requested the President to issue a proclamation annually to commemorate that day. That Joint Resolution resulted in this 1972 Proclamation issued by President Richard Nixon.
The Proclamation was later presented to Roxcy O’Neal Bolton, the driving force behind the designation of August 26 as Women’s Equality Day.
Letter from Senator Edward J. Gurney to Roxcy Bolton, September 12, 1972
A long-time Coral Gables resident and a 1984 inductee in the Florida Women’s Hall of Fame, Bolton is known in Florida for gaining access for women to the previously all-male lunchrooms at Burdines and Jordan Marsh department stores; for helping to end the practice of naming hurricanes only for women; and for opening the influential Tiger Bay political club to women.
Bolton was inspired by Eleanor Roosevelt’s stances on civil rights and was profoundly affected by her address at the 1956 Democratic National Convention, hearing her call to “help all of our people to a better life” as a personal call to action.
Roxcy Bolton with Eleanor Roosevelt at the Democratic National Convention, Chicago, 1956
Roosevelt, who was a strong proponent of gender equality and supporter of working women, had her own sources of inspiration, including from Floridians. She met Mary McLeod Bethune at an education conference in 1927, gaining from her an understanding of racial issues and becoming a close friend of Bethune’s.
Eleanor Roosevelt with Mary McLeod Bethune (center) at Bethune Cookman College, Daytona Beach, 1952
Railroads opened Florida to new industry, expanded the tourist economy, and allowed for rapid residential and commercial development.
Tallahassee Rail Road Company banknote (Collection M77-155)
The first rail construction project authorized in Florida was the Tallahassee-St. Marks line, chartered in 1834. The first train to operate, however, was the Lake Wimico line that connected the boomtown of St. Joseph to the Apalachicola River in 1836. The Tallahassee-St. Marks train, which was initially mule-drawn, connected the highly productive cotton fields of Leon and Jefferson counties with the St. Marks River. These early efforts only hinted at the profound impact that railroads, passenger lines, and freight trains would have on Florida’s history.
First complete train from Bartow to Punta Gorda, late 1800s
Drying racks laden with pecans, Monticello Nursery Company, 1923
The vehicles used to carry firefighters to the scene of an emergency have seen a few changes over the course of a century…
First Hose Wagon, Tallahassee, early 1900s
Florida has never lacked musicians ready to perform.
Madison town band, ca. 1900
Jug and harmonica band, 1880s
Before Web pages and social media sites, before television, in the early years of radio as a mass communications medium, businesses promoted themselves through other means of advertising, including eye-catching designs on their office stationery.
In the first half of the 20th century, particularly in the 1920s and 1930s, office letterhead meant more than just a business name and address. Colorful artwork, detailed drawings, and inspiring slogans adorned much of the office stationery of the time, providing not only information and some humor, but also a glimpse of how we viewed ourselves, our work, our environment, and each other.
Why race off? Slow down and smell the salt water!
Ranson E. Olds in the Olds Pirate: Ormond Beach (ca. 1896)
Louis Ross in a Stanley Steamer automobile: Daytona Beach (1903)
Arthur McDonald in his Napier racer: Daytona Beach (1905)
Barney Oldfield racing the Blitzen Benz: Daytona Beach (1910)
Sir Henry Segrave in the Golden Arrow: Daytona Beach (1929)
Tommy Milton: Daytona Beach (1920)
Harry Hartz: Miami Beach (1926)
Ralph DePalma in his Packard V-12: Daytona Beach (1919)
Buddy Callaway: Daytona Beach (1936)
Jack Etheridge in Bill Milam’s Special 1: Daytona Beach (1947)
Sig Haugdahl in the Wisconsin Special: Daytona Beach (1922)
Sir Malcolm Campbell in his Bluebird: Daytona Beach (1935)
How’s the weather where you are? Come to Florida, where any day is just another day at the beach.
Ormond Beach (ca. 1895)