U.S. Representative C.W. Bill Young passed away on Friday, October 18. Young began his political career in 1961, serving in the Florida Senate until 1971. He was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1971 and was the longest serving Republican at the time of his death.
Portrait of Florida State Senator C.W. “Bill” Young (ca. 1968)
Senator Charley E. Johns and Senator Bill Young (1965)
Senators at oath-taking ceremony administered by a justice on the Senate floor (1968)
Esther Williams passed away on Thursday, June 6. A competitive athlete and film star, Williams brought excitement and glamor to swimming as a sport and recreation.
Esther Williams’ hair being prepared for an underwater sequence: Silver Springs, Florida (1955)
During the late 19th and early-to-mid 20th centuries, midwives commonly attended to women during childbirth, particularly in the ethnic communities in the North and in African-American communities in the South.
E.J. Kirkland at the West Florida Midwives Institute, Florida A&M College, Tallahassee, 1933
Marion County midwives at the Florida State Board of Health Midwife Institute, St. Augustine, 1934
Doyle Conner passed away on Sunday, December 16. Elected to the House of Representatives when he was only 21, Conner became the youngest House Speaker in Florida history at age 25. He served in the Florida Legislature for 10 years and as Commissioner of Agriculture from 1961 to 1991.
Doyle E. Conner served in the Florida House of Representatives representing Bradford County from 1951 to 1959
Commissioner of Agriculture Doyle Conner with Orville Redenbacher
Commissioner of Agriculture Doyle Conner meeting Major General Leighton I. Davis as Governor Bryant looks on
On September 12, 1972, Florida Senator Edward J. Gurney sent Roxcy Bolton a copy of the Women’s Rights Day Proclamation (now Women’s Equality Day) signed by President Richard M. Nixon. Gurney explained that he wanted her to have the document because “without your suggestion and pushing, there would not have been a Women’s Rights Day.”
Women’s Equality Day is observed nationally each year on August 26 to commemorate the day in 1920 that the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution was adopted, granting women full voting rights.
Edward J. Gurney to Roxcy Bolton, September 12, 1972
The newest film added to the Florida Memory website features a 2001 interview with Roxcy Bolton for Coral Gables Television. In the interview, Bolton talks about how her upbringing in Mississippi instilled values that paved the way for a life of determined activism. Bolton also discusses several instances from her life in Coral Gables that demonstrate her commitment to equality.
Bolton gained notoriety in Florida for establishing shelters for homeless and battered women; for gaining access for women to the previously all-male lunchrooms at Burdines and Jordan Marsh department stores; for helping to end the practice of assigning only female names to hurricanes; and for opening the influential Tiger Bay political club to women. Her many years of pioneering equal rights activism have earned her numerous awards, including induction into the Florida Women’s Hall of Fame in 1984.
Please join us in commemorating Women’s Equality Day and recognizing Roxcy Bolton’s role in the Equal Rights Movement.
Learn more about Roxcy Bolton on Florida Memory.
Do you teach history? Are you researching for your 2013 Florida History Fair project?
Sign up today for our free upcoming webinar on finding and using primary source materials from Florida Memory. We hope you can attend!
[UPDATE: Go to our Webinars page for free recordings of past sessions.]
Mary McLeod Bethune with a line of girls from the school (ca.1905)
Today we launch the Florida Memory blog in the spirit of our mandate to make resources from the State Library and Archives of Florida available to the public.
We will highlight interesting photos, incoming collections, documents, events in Florida history, and also discuss issues that arise from preserving and ensuring access to such exciting materials. Our sound archivist will stop by to give behind-the-scenes accounts of the preservation and digitization of audio recordings. Perhaps he will share the story of saving deteriorating open reel tapes with a food dehydrator.
We hope you will join us in promoting the study of Florida’s rich history and culture.