In commemoration of Black History Month, this series of blog posts highlights African-American history in Florida.
Richard Aloysius Twine (1896-1974) photographed the African-American community of Lincolnville, just south of St. Augustine, in the 1920s.
Richard A. Twine, ca. 1925
Twine, born in St. Augustine on May 11, 1896, had a brief but notable career as a professional photographer in Lincolnville. Founded by freed slaves after the Civil War, Lincolnville’s homes and businesses formed the center of St. Augustine’s black community in the early 20th century.
Emancipation Day Parade, ca. 1925
The Twine home on Kings Ferry Way was damaged by fire and about to be torn down in 1988 when, fortuitously, the demolition crew discovered 103 glass-plate negatives in the attic. The negatives were restored and placed in the custody of the St. Augustine Historical Society. A partnership in the 1990s allowed the Archives to copy Twine’s negatives, and later, make them available on the Florida Memory website.
Demps family outside their home, ca. 1925
Lincolnville residents played a critical role in the local Civil Rights Movement, particularly as foot soldiers in the sit-ins, wade-ins, and other demonstrations held in the early 1960s. Today, the remaining historic buildings in Lincolnville are part of the Lincolnville Historic District.
Knights of St. Johns, ca. 1925
Looking for Black History Month resources? Find them on Florida Memory.
African American history in Florida dates back to the first explorers of the early 16th century. Our Black History Month resources page provides links to resources for students and teachers, or anyone who wants to learn more about the prominent role of African Americans in Florida history.
Mary McLeod Bethune, Daytona Beach, ca. 1904
Stop by the lobby of the R.A. Gray Building (500 South Bronough Street) in Tallahassee during the month of February to see our photographic exhibit: “Images of the Civil Rights Movement in Tallahassee, 1956-1963.”
Presented in recognition of Black History Month, and in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the Civil Rights Act, the images featured in the exhibit honor only a few of the many events and individuals critical to the Civil Rights Movement in Tallahassee.
Sit-In at Woolworth’s lunch counter (February 13, 1960)
The above photograph shows the first of several sit-ins held at department stores in downtown Tallahassee. Seated and wearing dark glasses is prominent activist and local Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) organizer Patricia Stephens (later Due).
Patricia Stephens (later Due) being arrested by Tallahassee Police (May 30, 1963)
The above photograph was taken on the day Tallahassee Police arrested 260 FAMU students for protesting in front of the segregated Florida Theater.
In commemoration of Black History Month, this series of blog posts highlights African American history in Florida.
Nellie Franklin, ca. 1900
Photographer Alvan S. Harper captured scenes of middle class African Americans in Tallahassee from the 1880s to the 1910s. Portraits such as those taken by Harper provide a small window into Tallahassee’s black community during the indignity of the Jim Crow era.
Many of the photographs in the collection remain unidentified, including two featured in this post. If you have any additional information about images in the Harper Collection, please contact the State Archives of Florida: Archives@DOS.MyFlorida.com.
Some of Harper’s best negatives were lost when his studio was torn down in the 1920s. The negatives had been given to a Tallahassee historian who, because they were dirty, left them on a porch where they were mistaken for trash and taken to the dump.
About 2,000 more Harper negatives were found in 1946 in the attic of the house he had owned. A Tallahassee photographer printed 250 negatives and circulated the prints in the community for identification. The negatives were turned over to the State Library, and later transferred to the Florida Photographic Collection after it was founded in 1952.
Contact the Museum of Florida History for more information about the Alvan S. Harper traveling exhibit, part of the museum’s TREX Program.
On February 1 & 2, 2014, Bok Tower Gardens will celebrate its 85th anniversary.
Tower among the pines, 1948
Head to Lake Wales this weekend, stroll through the gardens, visit the historic Pinewood Estate, and listen to the iconic Carillon bells.
Busy day at Bok Tower Gardens, ca. 1935
Bok Tower Gardens was the dream of Dutch immigrant Edward W. Bok, a winter resident of the Mountain Lake community near Lake Wales. The natural beauty of the setting inspired him to build the tower, the gardens, and a Mediterranean-revival mansion originally named “El Retiro,” meaning retreat in Spanish. The gardens, designed by famed landscape architect Frederic Law Olmstead, sit nearly 300 feet above sea level atop Iron Mountain, one of the highest points along the Lakes Wales Ridge. Bok Tower Gardens was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972.
Infrared photograph taken by the Florida Department of Commerce, July 1949
Since opening in 1929, Bok Tower Gardens has hosted millions of visitors. Learn more about the activities planned at the site for Founder’s Day.
Have you ever taken a ride on the famous glass bottom boats at Silver Springs?
David Lee McMullen with classmates from Terry Parker High School (Jacksonville) on their senior trip, 1964
Facebook fans David Lee McMullen and Patricia Wiggins Austin shared these photos with us and we want to see yours too!
Patricia Wiggins Austin (age 7) with her Mom, Dad, and sister, June 1954
Share your glass bottom boat photos with us on our Facebook and Twitter!
Pete Seeger, folk music legend and activist, died January 27, 2014, at the age of 94.
Born in New York City, Seeger learned the banjo in 1938, and worked with Alan Lomax at the Archive of American Folk Song in the Library of Congress. As a songwriter, his original repertoire included “Turn Turn Turn” and “Where Have All the Flowers Gone.” He also formed two influential groups, the Almanac Singers and the Weavers, who sang labor anthems like “Which Side are You On?” as well as traditional numbers such as “Goodnight, Irene.”
During his extensive career, Seeger inevitably crossed paths with Florida folk artists. In 1956, he recorded for Folkways Records with the Washboard Band, which featured Florida Folk Heritage Award Winner William “Washboard Bill” Cooke. Not surprisingly, he also struck up a friendship with the Father of Florida Folk himself, Will McLean. The two performed together in 1963 at Carnegie Hall, and Will McLean was notably present for Seeger’s 1977 White Springs appearance.
More Info: Catalog Record
More Info: Catalog Record
At the State Archives, one of our favorite genres of music can be best described as Florida Cheese, the sometimes catchy, sometimes grating, always brain infesting jingles used to promote the state over the years.
This song, titled “Florida Belongs to You,” was created by the Florida Development Commission during the Askew administration (1971-1979) and captures the essence of Florida Cheese.
Florida Belongs to You
Take a ride, see the sights
Have your fun, in the sun
See the old, see the new
For Florida belongs to you
Plan a trip and do it soon
Here today, tomorrow the moon
Take the kids, have a ball
For Florida’s the greatest of them all
From the Gulf, to the Atlantic, and the Keys just beyond
It’s beautiful and so gigantic and you can dream you’re Ponce de Leon
Tell the world, sing it loud
It’s your state, say you’re proud
More to see, lots to do
For Florida belongs to you”
Happy National Pie Day! Florida has our very own pie to celebrate… the Key Lime Pie! Effective July 1, 2006, the tangy treat became the official state pie.
Try out this classic recipe and celebrate today!
From: 2009-3 Koreshan Unity Papers, Box 144, Folder 21
We don’t like to admit it, but sometimes it gets a little chilly in Florida… and every once in a great while we even get a few magical flakes of snow.
Frozen fountain near the Capitol, Tallahassee, 1899
Frozen water tower in Pensacola, 1899
Tree laden with icicles, Tallahassee, 1957
Juanita Miller bundled up in Madison County, 1958
Indian Head Acres neighborhood children, Tallahassee, 1958
FSU students with improvised palm frond sled, Tallahassee, 1958