During the late 19th and early-to-mid 20th centuries, midwives commonly attended to women during childbirth, particularly in the ethnic communities in the North and in African-American communities in the South.
E.J. Kirkland at the West Florida Midwives Institute, Florida A&M College, Tallahassee, 1933
Marion County midwives at the Florida State Board of Health Midwife Institute, St. Augustine, 1934
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