Battles of San Juan and Kettle Hills (Spanish American War, July 1, 1898)
The battles of San Juan and Kettle Hills took place on July 1, 1898, near Santiago on the island of Cuba.
Future President Theodore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders took part in the battles, which turned out to be the decisive engagements in the Spanish-American War.
Although largely ignored by the press at the time, African-American troops did much of the fighting at San Juan and Kettle Hills.
The Spanish-American War was a resounding victory for the United States. As a result of the war, the U.S. took control of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Philippines and other small islands in the Pacific formerly controlled by Spain.
Cuba gained its independence after the Spanish-American War. However, the U.S. exerted significant influence on the island following 1898, until the Cuban Revolution of 1959.
Want to learn more about Florida’s role in the Spanish-American War? Explore resources on the Spanish-American War from Florida Memory.