Looking for your relatives on Florida Memory? Several of our online collections provide excellent materials for researching genealogy and family history.
Did your relatives serve in World War I? Were they from Florida, or entered the service while in Florida? On Florida Memory, you can search for their World War I Service Cards.
World War I Service Card for Albert McLeod Bethune, son of Mary McLeod Bethune
Did your relatives serve for the Confederate Army during the Civil War? Were they from Florida, or lived in Florida after the war? You can search for their Confederate Pension Applications on Florida Memory.
Confederate Pension Application for Joseph H. Haddock of Duval County, submitted by his wife Martha Haddock
Did your family live in Florida before the United States took control of the territory in 1821? On Florida Memory, you can find Spanish Land Grant claims. These records represent claims made for land purchased in Florida from the Spanish government prior to 1821.
Confirmed claim of Reuben Hogan
Photographs are a great resource on family history. We have over 170,000 photographs available online, some of which contain unidentified persons. Perhaps your relative is waiting to be identified on Florida Memory? Search the Florida Photographic Collection.
Portrait of an unidentified family: Gainesville (ca. 1900)
Found a great photo or document from your family’s history on Florida Memory? Share it with us in the comments.
The United States signed the Adams-Onís Treaty with Spain on February 22, 1819. The treaty provided for the transfer of Florida from Spain to the United States, and established the southern boundary between the U.S. and Mexico.
Map of Florida (ca. 1821)
The formal transfer of Florida took place on July 17, 1821. An exchange of flags occurred first at St. Augustine on July 10, and then on July 17 at Pensacola. Andrew Jackson became governor of the newly created territory of Florida.
Drawing of the exchange of flags: St. Augustine (July 10, 1821)
As part of the treaty with Spain, the U.S. agreed to honor Spanish land grants in Florida. Spain encouraged settlement in Florida by offering land grants in order to boost economic activity in the colony. Holders of Spanish land grants could submit claims to the U.S. government for compensation, or to retain their land after 1821.
The Spanish land grants provide information on the settlement and cultivation of Florida during the Second Spanish Period (1783-1821), and the Territorial Period (1821-1845).
Map showing the confirmed claim of John McIntosh along the St. Johns River at Migert’s Point
Map showing confirmed claim of John Bolton
The collection of Spanish Land Grants on Florida Memory includes many land grant claims with colorful maps depicting the landscape of Florida.