Lucreaty Clark peeling strips of white oak to make baskets (not after 1979)

Lucreaty Clark peeling strips of white oak to make baskets (not after 1979)

Image number: FS79686e

Lucreaty Clark peeling strips of white oak for basket making (not after 1979)

Lucreaty Clark peeling strips of white oak for basket making (not after 1979)

Image number: FS79673a

Lucreaty Clark preparing strip of white oak for making baskets (not after 1979)

Lucreaty Clark preparing strip of white oak for making baskets (not after 1979)

Image number: FS79705a

Strips of white oak gathered by Lucreaty Clark for basket making (not after 1979)

Strips of white oak gathered by Lucreaty Clark for basket making (not after 1979)

Image number: FS79721a

The beginning of a white oak basket being made by Lucreaty Clark (not after 1979)

The beginning of a white oak basket being made by Lucreaty Clark (not after 1979)

Image number: FS79724a

Strips of a white oak laid down by Lucreaty Clark during basket making process (not after 1979)

Strips of a white oak laid down by Lucreaty Clark during basket making process (not after 1979)

Image number: FS79727a

Lucreaty Clark making a basket by hand weaving strips of white oak (not after 1979)

Lucreaty Clark making a basket by hand weaving strips of white oak (not after 1979)

Image number: FS79732a

Lucreaty Clark hand weaving strips of white oak to make basket (not after 1979)

Lucreaty Clark hand weaving strips of white oak to make basket (not after 1979)

Image number: FS79737a

Scene from process of white oak basket making by Lucreaty Clark (not after 1979)

Scene from process of white oak basket making by Lucreaty Clark (not after 1979)

Image number: FS79740a

Lucreaty Clark making a white oak basket (not after 1979)

Lucreaty Clark making a white oak basket (not after 1979)

Image number: FS79742a

Lucreaty Clark shown making a white oak basket (not after 1979)

Lucreaty Clark shown making a white oak basket (not after 1979)

Image number: FS79747a

Lucreaty Clark looking for another strip of white oak to continue making her basket (not after 1979)

Lucreaty Clark looking for another strip of white oak to continue making her basket (not after 1979)

Image number: FS79782

Lucreaty Clark preparing strip of white oak with a small knife to make basket (not after 1979)

Lucreaty Clark preparing strip of white oak with a small knife to make basket (not after 1979)

Image number: FS79784a

Lucreaty Clark shown weaving her white oak basket (not after 1979)

Lucreaty Clark shown weaving her white oak basket (not after 1979)

Image number: FS79786a

Lucreaty Clark preparing a strip of white oak for her basket (not after 1979)

Lucreaty Clark preparing a strip of white oak for her basket (not after 1979)

Image number: FS79792a

Lucreaty Clark weaving a white oak basket (not after 1979)

Lucreaty Clark weaving a white oak basket (not after 1979)

Image number: FS79801a

Close-up view of Lucreaty Clark making a white oak basket (not after 1979)

Close-up view of Lucreaty Clark making a white oak basket (not after 1979)

Image number: FS79838a

Lucreaty Clark completing her white oak basket (not after 1979)

Lucreaty Clark completing her white oak basket (not after 1979)

Image number: FS79846e

Close-up of Lucreaty Clark finishing her white oak basket (not after 1979)

Close-up of Lucreaty Clark finishing her white oak basket (not after 1979)

Image number: FS79852a

The Interviews

Clark described white oak basketry in great detail in several interviews conducted by the Florida Folklife Program in 1979 and 1980. She also discussed her life, including games she played as a child, food she remembered eating, her family, and her religious beliefs. Florida folklorist Peggy Bulger served as the interviewer and photographer. Folklife Program staff compiled photographs and selections from these interviews to create a slide-tape show called It'll Be Gone When I'm Gone; that slide-tape show is the source of the sounds and images on this web page.

When the recordings were made, Lucreaty Clark was the last known living white oak basket maker in the state of Florida. During the interview, she stated that the tradition would probably disappear once she died. But soon afterwards, Clark's grandson Alphonso Jennings began to learn the specialized basketry. In 1984, shortly before Clark died, Jennings completed an apprenticeship program with his grandmother sponsored by the Florida Folklife Program. Since that time, Jennings has gained a national reputation for making durable, finely crafted, functional baskets. His work also represents the essence of folklife: living traditions passed down from one generation to the next.

Sources

  1. Kristin Congdon & Tina Bucuvalas, Just Above the Water: Florida Folk Arts, Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2006.
  2. Robert Stone, "Lucreaty Clark and Alphonso Jennings: White Oak Baskets." In Florida Folklife:Traditional Arts in Contemporary Communities, ed. S. Stuempfle (Miami: Historical Association of Southern Florida, Inc., 1998), 54.
  3. Lucreaty Clark, interview by Peggy Bulger, Lamont, Florida, 1980.