Kennedy Space Center

NASA established a new space launch center on Brevard County’s Cape Canaveral in 1962, following years of use as a missile testing center. The next year President Lyndon B. Johnson renamed the center in honor of the recently assassinated John F. Kennedy.

Titan III launch: Cape Canaveral, Florida (ca. 1965)

Titan III launch: Cape Canaveral, Florida (ca. 1965)

Image number: RC09825

Apollo Saturn V space vehicle (1966)

Apollo Saturn V space vehicle (1966)

Image number: PR10170

An Apollo Saturn V facilities vehicle is being moved toward the launch complex.

This test vehicle (Apollo Saturn 500-F) was used to verify launch facilities, train launch crews and develop test and checkout procedures. It is 365 feet tall.

A 3,000 ton crawler moved under the mobile launcher, lifting the launcher and the vehicle off its support pedestals. Combined weight of the launcher and space vehicle was almost 6,000 tons.

To the Moon

Apollo 8 was the first human spaceflight mission to travel to, but not land on, Earth's moon. The three-man American crew of consisted of Frank Borman, Commander; James Lovell, Command Module Pilot; and William Anders, Lunar Module Pilot.

The crew of Apollo 10 also orbited the moon, but did not land. The astronauts were Thomas Stafford, Commander; John Young, Command Module Pilot; and Eugene Cernan, Lunar Module Pilot.

Launch of the Apollo 8 spacecraft (1968)

Launch of the Apollo 8 spacecraft (1968)

Image number: PR10203

The Apollo 8 mission took place between December 21 (launch) and December 27 (landing) 1968. The astronauts were Frank Borman, Commander; William A. Anders, Lunar Module Pilot; and James A. Lovell, Jr., Command Module Pilot.

Apollo 8 Earth view (1968)

Apollo 8 Earth view (1968)

Image number: PR10197

This view of the rising Earth was seen by the Apollo 8 prime crew, Astronauts Frank Borman, Commander; James "Jim" A. Lovell, Jr., Command Pilot; and William A. Anders, Lunar Module Pilot during their orbital flight around the Moon.

View of the Apollo 10 Command Ship in orbit around the Moon (1969)

View of the Apollo 10 Command Ship in orbit around the Moon (1969)

Image number: PR10198

The Apollo 10 mission took place between May 18 (launch) and May 26 (landing) 1969.

The crew orbited the moon, but did not land. The astronauts were Thomas Stafford, Commander; John Young, Command Module Pilot; and Eugene Cernan, Lunar Module Pilot.